Algerian Refugees 1958

A colony  of the French Empire since  1830, Algeria was recognized as a legal department of France in 1848.  Dominated by a minority of French and European settlers , French businesses profited from the low wages and the discrimination and poverty of the mainly Muslim Algerians.

In 1954 The Algerian War of Independence was declared between France and its loyalist  supporters and  the Muslim Algerian Independence  Movement. This led to General De Gaulle  announcing Algerian Independence in  1962.

The long and bloody anti-colonial conflict was characterized by Guerilla warfare,  terror, torture and counter terrorism operations.

The French  “Scorched Earth ” policy of burning down villages  caused the flight of their inhabitants who became refugees across the border in Tunisia, where I photographed some of them in 1958.

A colony  of the French Empire since  1830, Algeria was recognized as a legal department of France in 1848.  Dominated by a minority of French and European settlers , French businesses profited from the low wages and the discrimination and poverty of the mainly Muslim Algerians.

In 1954 The Algerian War of Independence was declared between France and its loyalist  supporters and  the Muslim Algerian Independence  Movement. This led to General De Gaulle  announcing Algerian Independence in  1962.

The long and bloody anti-colonial conflict was characterized by Guerilla warfare,  terror, torture and counter terrorism operations.

The French  “Scorched Earth ” policy of burning down villages  caused the flight of their inhabitants who became refugees across the border in Tunisia, where I photographed some of them in 1958.